The old toilet block in Mkindo has only 4 drop hole toilets for nearly 1000 children, 2 for boys and 2 for girls. There are no doors on the toilets, no hand washing facilities and no soap. The teachers also use the old block.
One of the drop hole toilets in the old block at Mkindo school. Children are generally barefoot when they use the toilet which can cause and spread illnesses.
Most rural schools in tanzania have no access to water facilities on site. In Mkindo they have a single tap, found at the opposite side of the school from the current toilet block.
At the end of six months, Mkindo primary school will have 14 new toilets, one menstrual hygiene management (MHM) room and a hand washing station.
laying bricks for the superstructure of the Bwawani toilet block.
The WASH teachers often take lessons outside with the intention of getting the message across in other ways. Volunteer Hannah Fletcher explained “We have a glitter game where the glitter represents germs, when the kids shake hands the glitter is passed on showing how germs spread.”
During an outdoor WASH class in Bwawani, Raleigh teachers use the true (kweli) and false game to help pupils understand the dangers of unclean water and water born diseases.
Throughout the course of a project groups regularly meet with the local community. Meetings are an opportunity to discuss the progress of the project, and to mobilise the community to help with construction work.
The Logistics team are responsible for providing the equipment, food and medicine required for each project, as well as ensuring all safety procedures are met.
Action days are a way of inviting people from the village to engage with the project. Often there are DJ's, bands, games and talks from members of the local council. Action days are also a way of breaking down cultural barriers between the team and the villagers.
At the action day in Magaseni two men compete in a soapy arm wrestling contest, reinforcing the 7 stages of hand washing to the crowd.
A man from the village washes his hands with soap, demonstrating to the crowd the 7 stages of hand washing.
In most rural villages in Tanzania there is no running water or electricity. It is common to find car batteries being used as a power source for lighting, and for charging mobile phones.
In the absence of cement mixers, sand and cement are mixed by hand. Bricks made in this way are used for the foundations of the septic tank in the new toilet blocks.
Teacher and volunteer Kevin Mwihava, leading a hygiene class in Sejeli.
The rural villages in Dodoma are remote, and getting water to the project site can be a problem. Water has to be brought in by the help of farmers and stored in large water tanks. Watering the hand washing station helps to avoid the drying out of the plaster.
In the village of Mwaya there are two new toilet blocks, built with a hand washing station, disabled access and an MHM room. Only 6% of schools in Tanzania have similar facilities.
There is a significant drop in the number of female students that go on to secondary education in Tanzania. This is often the result of having no previous MHM education, or any separate sanitation facilities for privacy when menstruation begins.
“Every Friday we’ll have a meeting on the correct use of the toilets and on hand-washing. It helps us to educate others to keep the toilets clean.”